In This Article

What is a "Sensitive Species"?

How are Sensitive Species displayed in eBird?

How should eBirders report sensitive species?

What about other birds that aren't on the Sensitive Species List?

Sensitive Species List


Bali Mynas are Critically Endangered due to illegal poaching, with fewer than 1,000 adults of the species left in the wild. 

Bill Bacon/Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab (ML106837731)

 


What is a "Sensitive Species"?


Some bird species face risks from humans of capture, targeted killing, or significant targeted disturbance. Open-access data can be a risk for these birds that are targeted for exploitation. eBird data output is restricted to protect these "Sensitive Species" while still allowing important data about them to be entered into eBird. 

 

The exploitation of wild birds for captive trade is the most significant risk for many bird species. Despite laws that protect wild birds and regulate international trade in threatened animals (see Birdlife International summary of bird trade and CITES), illegal trade remains a major threat to many species.


With these dangers to wild birds in mind, Sensitive Species listings allow eBirders to submit specific location data for at-risk species in a way that supports science and conservation, without risk of causing harm to the birds.


How are Sensitive Species defined?


eBird consults with our local partners worldwide in order to develop our list of Sensitive Species. Sensitive Species in eBird conform to these guidelines:

  • Sensitive Species are formally recommended by a partner or published source, and rationale for the listing is stored at eBird.

  • Sensitive Species in eBird are those for which demonstrable harm could occur from public display of site-level records, including (but not limited to): 1) targeted capture for the cage bird trade; 2) targeted hunting; 3) targeted disturbance of nests, roosts, or individual birds from birdwatchers or photographers. Species that are rare but are not under pressure from targeted human exploitation or disturbance generally are not considered Sensitive.

  • In many, but not all, cases, a Sensitive Species has formal listing as an Endangered or Threatened species either on a local priority list or by the IUCN (http://www.iucnredlist.org/).

  • Sensitive Species are implemented primarily at the global scale, but regional and seasonal treatments are applied in some cases.


How are Sensitive Species displayed in eBird?

 

Sensitive Species have a customized display in eBird, where they are:      

  • Hidden from checklist views, except to observers on the checklist

  • Hidden from all site-level output (e.g., Hotspot Explorer, bar charts for hotspots)

  • Shown only at grid-cell level (400 km2 accuracy) on eBird species maps 

  • Shown at region-level output (e.g., Region Explorer, Illustrated Checklists) with checklist details (date, location, observer, checklist link) omitted

  • Included in listing totals (e.g., Top 100), but never shown as "most recent addition"

  • Shown in Media Search with checklist details (date, location, observer, checklist link) omitted and only for regions larger than a hotspot

  • Specifically marked as Sensitive wherever the species name is displayed in output and location-level data has been removed, such as on the Region Explorer or Illustrated Checklist pages


Since these data can still be used by qualified scientists (including Endangered Species recovery teams), these records are still seen by our eBird reviewers, who must check identifications for accuracy. 


This endangered Blakiston’s Fish Owl was a known individual photographed from a blind in a safe setting, but many owl sightings can attract undue disturbance through unethical behavior. 

Ian Davies/Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab (ML26859651).


How should eBirders report sensitive species?

Report the observation in eBird where the record will be protected from exploitation and still help inform research and conservation for the species.


However, we ask eBirders observing any of the species on our Sensitive Species List to use discretion in sharing sightings via other public platforms (e.g., Facebook, WhatsApp, webpages, listservs, etc.). Revealing site-level records exposes the birds to risk from professional bird trappers, hunters, and/or pressure by birdwatchers and photographers and could cause significant harm to the conservation of these species. We recommend that you enjoy your good fortune privately and keep the specific location secret from others outside of eBird to help protect the species. 



Painted Buntings are a regionally sensitive species in Florida between October and April. 

David Hollie/Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab (ML26622721).


What about other birds that aren't on the Sensitive Species List?

eBird's Sensitive Species protections only apply to clear cases where public information about a species may place that species at risk. There are other cases where it may be best to not report specific observations publicly on eBird, even if the species isn't sensitive as a whole, either due to restricted site access concerns or because the bird may be harmed in some way. eBirders must take it upon themselves to understand the situation locally and to use their best judgment, as the status of a species may change from place to place. 


Here are a few ways to help protect sensitive birds when reporting to eBird:

  • Wait until the season is over and the sensitive bird(s) have left before reporting the birds to eBird. You can go back and ‘edit’ your checklists later to include sensitive records after the birds have departed.
  • Do not provide explicit coordinates or directions to sensitive records. For instance, you may say that birds were seen at a state park, instead of listing the exact location therein.
  • Delay reporting observations for 8 days or more to keep these reports off of eBird Alerts.
  • Hide observations in eBird after you have submitted a checklist by selecting that option from the “Checklist Tools” dropdown menu. This keeps the species off the output (e.g., maps, bar charts etc.) but does not hide the fact that you went birding altogether (i.e., the date and location may show up on the Recent Checklists feed, but no one will be able to see the species you saw). Once the species is safe again, we always recommend 'unhiding' your checklist because all sightings on hidden eBird checklists cannot be used for scientific analysis or by fellow birders.


For example, Long-eared Owls are particularly vulnerable to human disturbance in their day roosts across the Northeastern US, but in much of the Western US and eastern Europe this is not an issue. Matt Brady/Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab (ML45715441)


Be a conscientious birder

It’s up to each and every individual birder to ensure that they behave themselves in the field. The American Birding Association published a Birding Code of Ethics that should be followed by all birders (see below). eBird fully supports these recommendations and we are pleased that the great majority of birders follow this code. We encourage all birders to review these guidelines, and realize that they are established to help protect the birds we all love to watch! Moreover, take it upon yourself to understand the conservation concerns in your area, and be aware that your actions could impact birds negatively. Be smart, be aware, and always keep the bird’s best interests in mind.


Sensitive Species List


Species treated as Sensitive Globally

Jump to Regionally Sensitive Species


Certain species are treated as Sensitive at a global level in eBird, including species from the following groups:


Certain falcon species (Falconidae) are rare and highly valued in falconry. These species are treated as Sensitive to protect them from the falconry trade.


Parrots and parakeets. Capture of wild birds for trade has drastically reduced many populations and driven several species to extinction in the wild (Olah et al. 2016). 


Asian birds at risk from commercial trade, particularly species and subspecies groups that are considered Critically Endangered or Endangered by the IUCN, have small or restricted populations, or are known to be severely declining from commercial trade in parts of Southeast Asia. 


Owls sensitive to targeted disturbance. Disturbance at their day roosts or use of playback can repeatedly disturb individuals, pairs, or small populations. Large crowds surrounding and following certain owls in winter (sometimes engaging in unethical baiting practices) disrupts natural hunting and exposes owls to great risk from vehicle collisions or habituation to humans. We currently treat certain species as globally Sensitive because of known issues with publicizing specific locations. However, we encourage ethical behavior around all owls.


Species sensitive to targeted disturbance—certain species with small populations or habitats that cannot tolerate significant targeted disturbance.


Landbirds in certain regions of South America have active bird trade and this has led to severe population declines. This includes species that are considered Critically Endangered or Endangered by the IUCN, have small or restricted populations, or are known to be severely declining from bird trade. Common Diuca-Finch x Yellow Cardinal (hybrid) is included becaused sightings could be used to locate breeding areas of Yellow Cardinal.

Species sensitive to targeted hunting. Some species are under particular pressure from hunting, either for food or for use of the bird's body parts (e.g., Helmeted Hornbill), and hunters may specifically target individuals or concentrations of birds.

Extinct in the Wild species, which persist in captivity, are protected as Sensitive Species to ensure that reintroduction efforts have the best chance at success. 


Codes in brackets refer to IUCN Red List (v2019) codes of Critically Endangered [CR], Endangered [EN], or Extinct in the Wild [EW]. 


Philippine DuckAnas luzonica
Alagoas CurassowMitu mitu[EW]
Gunnison Sage-GrouseCentrocercus minimus[EN]
Lesser Prairie-ChickenTympanuchus pallidicinctus
Edwards's PheasantLophura edwardsi[CR]
Bornean Peacock-PheasantPolyplectron schleiermacheri[EN]
Hainan Peacock-PheasantPolyplectron katsumatae[EN]
Silvery Wood-PigeonColumba argentina[CR]
Wetar Ground DoveAlopecoenas hoedtii[EN]
Blue-eyed Ground DoveColumbina cyanopis[CR]
Western Crowned-PigeonGoura cristata
Great Indian BustardArdeotis nigriceps[CR]
Lesser FloricanSypheotides indicus[EN]
Dulit FrogmouthBatrachostomus harterti
Gorgeted PufflegEriocnemis isabellae[CR]
Chilean WoodstarEulidia yarrellii[CR]
Guam RailGallirallus owstoni[CR]
Plains-wandererPedionomus torquatus[CR]
Philippine EaglePithecophaga jefferyi[CR]
Flores Scops-OwlOtus alfredi[EN]
Javan Scops-OwlOtus angelinae
Rinjani Scops-OwlOtus jolandae
Philippine Eagle-OwlBubo philippensis
Blakiston's Fish-OwlKetupa blakistoni[EN]
Brown Fish-Owl (Turkish)Ketupa zeylonensis semenowi
Northern Hawk OwlSurnia ulula
Northern Hawk Owl (American)Surnia ulula caparoch
Northern Hawk Owl (Eurasian)Surnia ulula ulula/tianschanica
Javan OwletGlaucidium castanopterum
Desert OwlStrix hadorami
Omani OwlStrix butleri
Spotted OwlStrix occidentalis
Spotted Owl (Northern)Strix occidentalis caurina
Spotted Owl (California)Strix occidentalis occidentalis
Spotted Owl (Mexican)Strix occidentalis lucida
Pere David's OwlStrix davidi
Great Gray OwlStrix nebulosa
Great Gray Owl (American)Strix nebulosa nebulosa
Great Gray Owl (Lapland)Strix nebulosa lapponica
Helmeted HornbillBuceros vigil[CR]
Writhe-billed HornbillRhabdotorrhinus waldeni[CR]
Javan KingfisherHalcyon cyanoventris
Guam KingfisherTodiramphus cinnamominus[EW]
Orange-breasted FalconFalco deiroleucus
Saker FalconFalco cherrug[EN]
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Olive-shouldered ParrotAprosmictus jonquillaceus
Derbyan ParakeetPsittacula derbiana
Great-billed ParrotTanygnathus megalorynchos
Azure-rumped ParrotTanygnathus sumatranus
Azure-rumped Parrot (Blue-backed)Tanygnathus sumatranus [everetti Group]
Azure-rumped Parrot (Azure-rumped)Tanygnathus sumatranus sumatranus/sangirensis
Iris LorikeetSaudareos iris
Glaucous MacawAnodorhynchus glaucus
Maroon-fronted ParrotRhynchopsitta terrisi[EN]
Sun ParakeetAratinga solstitialis[EN]
Great Green MacawAra ambiguus[CR]
Javan Banded-PittaHydrornis guajanus
Gurney's PittaHydrornis gurneyi[CR]
Pied Shrike-BabblerPteruthius flaviscapis
Trilling Shrike-BabblerPteruthius aenobarbus
Fawn-breasted WhistlerPachycephala orpheus
Isabela OrioleOriolus isabellae[CR]
Cerulean FlycatcherEutrichomyias rowleyi[CR]
Sumatran DrongoDicrurus sumatranus
Wallacean DrongoDicrurus densus
Javan Green-MagpieCissa thalassina[CR]
Bornean Green-MagpieCissa jefferyi
Sumatran TreepieDendrocitta occipitalis
Hawaiian CrowCorvus hawaiiensis[EW]
Ruby-throated BulbulRubigula dispar
Straw-headed BulbulPycnonotus zeylanicus[CR]
Spot-necked BulbulPycnonotus tympanistrigus
Aceh BulbulPycnonotus snouckaerti[EN]
Orange-spotted BulbulPycnonotus bimaculatus
Aceh/Orange-spotted BulbulPycnonotus snouckaerti/bimaculatus
Gray-cheeked BulbulAlophoixus tephrogenys
Brown-cheeked BulbulAlophoixus bres[EN]
Sangihe Golden-BulbulAlophoixus platenae[CR]
Javan Gray-throated White-eyeHeleia javanica
Javan White-eyeZosterops flavus[EN]
Black-browed BabblerMalacocincla perspicillata
Gray-crowned CrociasLaniellus langbianis[EN]
Spotted CrociasLaniellus albonotatus
Collared LaughingthrushTrochalopteron yersini[EN]
Golden-winged LaughingthrushTrochalopteron ngoclinhense[EN]
Silver-eared Mesia (Sumatran)Leiothrix argentauris laurinae/rookmakeri[EN]
Gray-faced LiocichlaLiocichla omeiensis
Rufous-fronted LaughingthrushGarrulax rufifrons[CR]
Sunda LaughingthrushGarrulax palliatus
Sumatran LaughingthrushGarrulax bicolor[EN]
Chestnut-eared LaughingthrushIanthocincla konkakinhensis
Biet's LaughingthrushIanthocincla bieti
White-cheeked LaughingthrushPterorhinus vassali
Blue-crowned LaughingthrushPterorhinus courtoisi[CR]
Buffy LaughingthrushPterorhinus berthemyi
Finch-billed MynaScissirostrum dubium
Enggano MynaGracula enganensis
Nias MynaGracula robusta[CR]
Asian Pied Starling (Javan)Gracupica contra jalla[CR]
Bali MynaLeucopsar rothschildi[CR]
Black-winged StarlingAcridotheres melanopterus
Black-winged Starling (Black-winged)Acridotheres melanopterus melanopterus[CR]
Black-winged Starling (Gray-backed)Acridotheres melanopterus tricolor[CR]
Black-winged Starling (Gray-rumped)Acridotheres melanopterus tertius[CR]
Pale-bellied MynaAcridotheres cinereus
PuaiohiMyadestes palmeri[CR]
Sumatran CochoaCochoa beccarii
Javan CochoaCochoa azurea
Buru ThrushGeokichla dumasi
Seram ThrushGeokichla joiceyi
Chestnut-capped ThrushGeokichla interpres[EN]
Enggano ThrushGeokichla leucolaema
Chestnut-backed ThrushGeokichla dohertyi
Slaty-backed ThrushGeokichla schistacea
Javan Blue FlycatcherCyornis banyumas
Javan Whistling-ThrushMyophonus glaucinus
Sunda ForktailEnicurus velatus
Sunda RobinMyiomela diana
Sunda Robin (Sumatran)Myiomela diana sumatrana
Sunda Robin (Javan)Myiomela diana diana
White-flanked SunbirdAethopyga eximia
Greater Green LeafbirdChloropsis sonnerati[EN]
Sumatran LeafbirdChloropsis media[EN]
Blue-masked LeafbirdChloropsis venusta
Finn's WeaverPloceus megarhynchus
Zebra Finch (Lesser Sundas)Taeniopygia guttata guttata
Timor SparrowPadda fuscata
Tricolored ParrotfinchErythrura tricolor
Mount Mutis Parrotfinch (undescribed form)Erythrura [undescribed form]
Green AvadavatAmandava formosa
Yellow-faced SiskinSpinus yarrellii
Red SiskinSpinus cucullatus[EN]
Great-billed Seed-FinchSporophila maximiliani[EN]
Large-billed Seed-FinchSporophila crassirostris
Yellow CardinalGubernatrix cristata[EN]
Diuca Finch x Yellow Cardinal (hybrid)Diuca diuca x Gubernatrix cristata


Orange-breasted Falcon by Gustavo Diniz Mendes de Carvalho/Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab (ML8066432).


Regionally Sensitive Species


In addition to the species treated as Sensitive at a global level (above), a subset of species Sensitive in their native range or in subsets of their range are also included. For some of these (e.g., Java Sparrow) the species is Sensitive throughout all of its native range, but has introduced populations in certain places (e.g., Hawaii) where site-level records are still displayed. 


Many parrot species are treated as Sensitive in their native range only, since some introduced populations are worth displaying openly and may represent important populations for conservation with other wild populations so close to extinction.


Codes in brackets refer to IUCN Red List (v2019) codes of Critically Endangered [CR], Endangered [EN], or Extinct in the Wild [EW]. 


Whooper SwanCygnus cygnusScotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Baer's PochardAythya baeri[CR]South Korea
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Scotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Scotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
England-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Scaly-sided MerganserMergus squamatus[EN]South Korea
Hazel GrouseTetrastes bonasia
Switzerland
Greater Sage-GrouseCentrocercus urophasianus
Canada, Oregon-US (Feb 01-May 31)
Sharp-tailed GrouseTympanuchus phasianellus
British Columbia-CA, Wisconsin-US
Greater Prairie-ChickenTympanuchus cupido
Illinois-US
Greater Prairie-Chicken (pinnatus)Tympanuchus cupido pinnatus
Illinois-US
Greater Prairie-Chicken (Heath Hen)Tympanuchus cupido cupido
Illinois-US
Greater Prairie-Chicken (Attwater's)Tympanuchus cupido attwateri
Illinois-US
Rock PtarmiganLagopus muta
Spain
Spruce GrouseCanachites canadensis
New York-US
Spruce Grouse (Spruce)Canachites canadensis [canadensis Group]
New York-US
Spruce Grouse (Franklin's)Canachites canadensis franklinii/isleibi
New York-US
Western CapercaillieTetrao urogallus
Switzerland, Czech Republic, Germany, Spain, United Kingdom, Italy, Poland
Black GrouseLyrurus tetrix
Czech Republic, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Poland
Gray PartridgePerdix perdix
Switzerland
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicus
Mongolia
Ring-necked Pheasant (Ring-necked)Phasianus colchicus [colchicus Group]
Mongolia
Ring-necked Pheasant (Green)Phasianus colchicus [versicolor Group]
Mongolia
Altai SnowcockTetraogallus altaicus
Mongolia
Blue-breasted QuailSynoicus chinensis
Taiwan
Rock PartridgeAlectoris graeca
Switzerland, Bayern-DE
Rock Partridge (European)Alectoris graeca [graeca Group]
Switzerland, Bayern-DE
Rock Partridge (Sicilian)Alectoris graeca whitakeri
Switzerland, Bayern-DE
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Scotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis
United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Sclater's Crowned-PigeonGoura sclaterii
Indonesia
Scheepmaker's Crowned-PigeonGoura scheepmakeri
Indonesia
Victoria Crowned-PigeonGoura victoria
Indonesia
Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Türkiye
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse (Iberian)Pterocles alchata alchata
Türkiye
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse (Pin-tailed)Pterocles alchata caudacutus
Türkiye
Great BustardOtis tarda
Italy, Morocco, Mongolia, Türkiye, England-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueenii
Israel, Mongolia, Palestinian Territory
Little BustardTetrax tetrax
Italy
Sunda CoucalCentropus nigrorufus
Indonesia
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus
Idaho-US
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Switzerland
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius
Israel, Palestinian Territory
Nubian NightjarCaprimulgus nubicus
Israel, Palestinian Territory
Nubian Nightjar (Nubian)Caprimulgus nubicus nubicus/tamaricis
Israel, Palestinian Territory
Nubian Nightjar (Torrid)Caprimulgus nubicus torridus
Israel, Palestinian Territory
Nubian Nightjar (Socotra)Caprimulgus nubicus jonesi
Israel, Palestinian Territory
King RailRallus elegans
Ontario-CA, New York-US (Mar 15-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US (May 15-Aug 01)
King Rail (Northern)Rallus elegans elegans
Ontario-CA, New York-US (Mar 15-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US (May 15-Aug 01)
King Rail (Cuban)Rallus elegans ramsdeni
Ontario-CA, New York-US (Mar 15-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US (May 15-Aug 01)
Corn CrakeCrex crex
Switzerland, United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
WatercockGallicrex cinerea
South Korea (Jun 01-Aug 31), Taiwan
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
South Korea (Jun 01-Aug 31)
Ruddy-breasted CrakeZapornia fusca
South Korea (Jun 01-Aug 31)
Black RailLaterallus jamaicensis
Canada, United States
Black Rail (Northern)Laterallus jamaicensis jamaicensis/coturniculus
Canada, United States
Black Rail (Southern South America)Laterallus jamaicensis salinasi/murivagans
Canada, United States
Black Rail (Junin)Laterallus jamaicensis tuerosi[EN]Canada, United States
Siberian CraneLeucogeranus leucogeranus[CR]Mongolia
Sarus CraneAntigone antigone
Chhattisgarh-IN
Common CraneGrus grus
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31)
Whooping CraneGrus americana[EN]Georgia-US, Indiana-US, Kentucky-US, Louisiana-US, Nebraska-US, Texas-US (Apr 01-Sep 01), Wisconsin-US
Red-crowned CraneGrus japonensis[EN]Japan (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus
Baden-Württemberg-DE (Mar 01-Sep 30), England-GB (Apr 01-Oct 15)
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
England-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregarius[CR]Gujarat-IN (Jan 01-Mar 31 & Nov 01-Dec 31), Rajasthan-IN (Jan 01-Mar 31 & Nov 01-Dec 31)
Piping PloverCharadrius melodus
Wisconsin-US
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus
Scotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Scotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Spoon-billed SandpiperCalidris pygmaea[CR]Russia
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Scotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
Great SnipeGallinago media
Lubelskie-PL (Apr 01-Jul 01), Mazowieckie-PL (Apr 01-Jul 01), Podlaskie-PL (Apr 01-Jul 01)
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Scotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Scotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Scotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Scotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Small ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticus
Algeria, Spain, Gibraltar, Italy, Libya, Morocco, Portugal, Tunisia
Black-bellied TernSterna acuticauda[EN]India (Feb 01-Jun 30)
Indian SkimmerRynchops albicollis[EN]India (Feb 01-Jul 31)
Arctic LoonGavia arctica
Scotland-GB (Mar 15-Aug 31)
Black StorkCiconia nigra
Germany (Mar 01-Aug 15), Italy (Apr 01-Aug 15)
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispus
Mongolia
Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
South Korea (Jun 01-Aug 31)
Schrenck's BitternIxobrychus eurhythmus
South Korea (Jun 01-Aug 31)
Japanese Night-HeronGorsachius goisagi
Japan (Apr 15-Aug 31), South Korea, Philippines
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus[EN]Italy
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
United Kingdom (May 01-Aug 20)
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
Japan (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Oriental Honey-buzzard (Northern)Pernis ptilorhynchus orientalis
Japan (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Oriental Honey-buzzard (Indomalayan)Pernis ptilorhynchus [ptilorhynchus Group]
Japan (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Crested Serpent-EagleSpilornis cheela
Japan
Crested Serpent-Eagle (Crested)Spilornis cheela [cheela Group]
Japan
Crested Serpent-Eagle (Andaman)Spilornis cheela davisoni
Japan
Crested Serpent-Eagle (Central Nicobar)Spilornis cheela minimus
Japan
Crested Serpent-Eagle (Ryukyu)Spilornis cheela perplexus
Japan
Crested Serpent-Eagle (Natuna)Spilornis cheela natunensis
Japan
Crested Serpent-Eagle (Simeulue)Spilornis cheela abbotti
Japan
Crested Serpent-Eagle (Nias)Spilornis cheela asturinus
Japan
Crested Serpent-Eagle (Mentawai)Spilornis cheela sipora
Japan
Crested Serpent-Eagle (Bawean)Spilornis cheela baweanus
Japan
Mountain Hawk-EagleNisaetus nipalensis
Japan
Black-and-chestnut EagleSpizaetus isidori[EN]Colombia
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clanga
Podlaskie-PL (Mar 01-Aug 20)
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis[EN]Ankara-TR (Mar 01-Aug 31), Kırşehir-TR (Mar 01-Aug 31), Konya-TR (Mar 01-Aug 31), Aksaray-TR (Mar 01-Aug 31)
Spanish EagleAquila adalberti
Portugal
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Israel, Italy (Mar 01-Aug 15), Japan, Palestinian Territory, Moravskoslezský kraj-CZ, Olomoucký kraj-CZ, Scotland-GB, Malopolskie-PL, Podkarpackie-PL, Pomorskie-PL, Maine-US (Apr 10-Sep 25), New York-US (Apr 15-Sep 15)
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Israel, Italy, Palestinian Territory, Türkiye
Gray-faced BuzzardButastur indicus
Japan (May 01-Jul 31)
Eastern Marsh-HarrierCircus spilonotus
Japan (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
United Kingdom (Feb 01-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Italy, England-GB (Apr 01-Aug 31)
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
United Kingdom (Feb 01-Dec 31), Japan, Ontario-CA (Mar 01-Jul 31), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Aug 31), New York-US (Mar 15-Aug 15), Pennsylvania-US (Mar 01-Aug 31), Wisconsin-US (Mar 01-Aug 01)
Northern Goshawk (Eurasian)Accipiter gentilis [gentilis Group]
United Kingdom (Feb 01-Dec 31), Japan, Ontario-CA (Mar 01-Jul 31), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Aug 31), New York-US (Mar 15-Aug 15), Pennsylvania-US (Mar 01-Aug 31), Wisconsin-US (Mar 01-Aug 01)
Northern Goshawk (American)Accipiter gentilis atricapillus/laingi
United Kingdom (Feb 01-Dec 31), Japan, Ontario-CA (Mar 01-Jul 31), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Aug 31), New York-US (Mar 15-Aug 15), Pennsylvania-US (Mar 01-Aug 31), Wisconsin-US (Mar 01-Aug 01)
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Japan (Mar 01-Jul 31), Scotland-GB (Feb 01-Jul 31)
Australasian Grass-OwlTyto longimembris
Taiwan
Barn OwlTyto alba
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Barn Owl (Eurasian)Tyto alba [alba Group]
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Barn Owl (Madeiran)Tyto alba schmitzi
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Barn Owl (Canary Is.)Tyto alba gracilirostris
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Barn Owl (African)Tyto alba affinis
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Barn Owl (Bioko)Tyto alba poensis
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Barn Owl (Cape Verde)Tyto alba detorta
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Barn Owl (Sao Tome)Tyto alba thomensis
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Barn Owl (Boang)Tyto alba crassirostris
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Barn Owl (Eastern)Tyto alba [javanica Group]
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Barn Owl (American)Tyto alba [tuidara Group]
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Barn Owl (White-winged)Tyto alba furcata
Canada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (Curacao)Tyto alba bargei
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Barn Owl (Lesser Antilles)Tyto alba insularis/nigrescens
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Barn Owl (Galapagos)Tyto alba punctatissima
Canada, China, Indonesia, Poland, Maryland-US, New York-US, Wisconsin-US
Oriental Bay-OwlPhodilus badius
China, Indonesia
Sunda Scops-OwlOtus lempiji
Indonesia
Japanese Scops-OwlOtus semitorques
South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30)
Eurasian Scops-OwlOtus scops
Switzerland, Germany
Oriental Scops-OwlOtus sunia
South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30)
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Switzerland, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Mongolia, Poland
Rock Eagle-OwlBubo bengalensis
India
Brown Fish-OwlKetupa zeylonensis
Iran, Türkiye
Brown Fish-Owl (Eastern)Ketupa zeylonensis [zeylonensis Group]
Iran, Türkiye
Tawny Fish-OwlKetupa flavipes
Taiwan
Buffy Fish-OwlKetupa ketupu
Indonesia
Eurasian Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium passerinum
Switzerland
Northern Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium gnoma
Wyoming-US (Feb 01-Aug 31)
Northern Pygmy-Owl (Mountain)Glaucidium gnoma gnoma
Wyoming-US (Feb 01-Aug 31)
Northern Pygmy-Owl (Pacific)Glaucidium gnoma [californicum Group]
Wyoming-US (Feb 01-Aug 31)
Northern Pygmy-Owl (Rocky Mts.)Glaucidium gnoma pinicola
Wyoming-US (Feb 01-Aug 31)
Northern Pygmy-Owl (Guatemalan)Glaucidium gnoma cobanense
Wyoming-US (Feb 01-Aug 31)
Northern Pygmy-Owl (Cape)Glaucidium gnoma hoskinsii
Wyoming-US (Feb 01-Aug 31)
Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianum
Arizona-US, California-US
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Ferruginous)Glaucidium brasilianum [brasilianum Group]
Arizona-US, California-US
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Tucuman)Glaucidium brasilianum tucumanum
Arizona-US, California-US
Collared OwletTaenioptynx brodiei
Taiwan
Elf OwlMicrathene whitneyi
California-US
Little OwlAthene noctua
Switzerland, Czech Republic, South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Poland
Little Owl (Little)Athene noctua [noctua Group]
Switzerland, Czech Republic, South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Poland
Little Owl (Abyssinian)Athene noctua spilogastra/somaliensis
Switzerland, Czech Republic, South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Poland
Little Owl (Lilith)Athene noctua lilith
Switzerland, Czech Republic, South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Poland
Little Owl (Hutton's)Athene noctua bactriana
Switzerland, Czech Republic, South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Poland
Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
Alberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (Western)Athene cunicularia hypugaea/rostrata
Alberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (Florida)Athene cunicularia floridana
Alberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (guadeloupensis Group)Athene cunicularia [guadeloupensis Group]
Alberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (Andean)Athene cunicularia [tolimae Group]
Alberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (Littoral)Athene cunicularia nanodes/juninensis
Alberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (grallaria)Athene cunicularia grallaria
Alberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (Southern)Athene cunicularia [cunicularia Group]
Alberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Spotted Wood-OwlStrix seloputo
Indonesia
Brown Wood-OwlStrix leptogrammica
Taiwan
Brown Wood-Owl (Brown)Strix leptogrammica [indranee Group]
Taiwan
Brown Wood-Owl (Bornean)Strix leptogrammica [leptogrammica Group]
Taiwan
Himalayan OwlStrix nivicolum
South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Taiwan
Ural OwlStrix uralensis
Italy, Japan (Mar 01-May 31), South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), global
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Switzerland, United Kingdom, Taiwan (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31), British Columbia-CA (Jan 01-Apr 30 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Mar 01-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US (Nov 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Apr 15)
Long-eared Owl (American)Asio otus wilsonianus/tuftsi
Switzerland, United Kingdom, Taiwan (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31), British Columbia-CA (Jan 01-Apr 30 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Mar 01-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US (Jan 01-Apr 15 & Nov 01-Dec 31)
Long-eared Owl (Eurasian)Asio otus otus/canariensis
Switzerland, United Kingdom, Taiwan (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31), British Columbia-CA (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Apr 30), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Mar 01-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US (Nov 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Apr 15)
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Taiwan (Jan 01-Mar 31 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Short-eared Owl (Northern)Asio flammeus flammeus
Taiwan (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Short-eared Owl (Pohnpei)Asio flammeus ponapensis
Taiwan (Jan 01-Mar 31 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Short-eared Owl (Hawaiian)Asio flammeus sandwichensis
Taiwan (Jan 01-Mar 31 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Short-eared Owl (Antillean)Asio flammeus domingensis/portoricensis
Taiwan (Jan 01-Mar 31 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Short-eared Owl (Galapagos)Asio flammeus galapagoensis
Taiwan (Jan 01-Mar 31 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Short-eared Owl (South American)Asio flammeus [suinda Group]
Taiwan (Jan 01-Mar 31 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Long-eared/Short-eared OwlAsio otus/flammeus
Taiwan (Jan 01-Mar 31 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30)
Asio sp.Asio sp.
Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30)
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus
Switzerland, Japan, Poland, Türkiye, Moscow Oblast-RU, Moscow-RU, Wisconsin-US, Wyoming-US (Feb 01-Aug 31)
Boreal Owl (Tengmalm's)Aegolius funereus [funereus Group]
Switzerland, Japan, Poland, Türkiye, Moscow Oblast-RU, Moscow-RU, Wisconsin-US, Wyoming-US (Feb 01-Aug 31)
Boreal Owl (Richardson's)Aegolius funereus richardsoni
Switzerland, Japan, Poland, Türkiye, Moscow Oblast-RU, Moscow-RU, Wisconsin-US, Wyoming-US (Feb 01-Aug 31)
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus
Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30)
Northern Saw-whet Owl (acadicus)Aegolius acadicus acadicus
Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30)
Northern Saw-whet Owl (Haida Gwaii)Aegolius acadicus brooksi
Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30)
Northern BoobookNinox japonica
Hokkaido-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Aomori-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Iwate-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Miyagi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Akita-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamagata-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukushima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ibaraki-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tochigi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Gunma-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Saitama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Chiba-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tokyo-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kanagawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Niigata-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Toyama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ishikawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukui-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamanashi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nagano-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Gifu-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shizuoka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Aichi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Mie-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shiga-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kyoto-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Osaka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Hyogo-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nara-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Wakayama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tottori-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shimane-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Okayama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Hiroshima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamaguchi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tokushima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kagawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ehime-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kochi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukuoka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Saga-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nagasaki-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kumamoto-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Oita-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Miyazaki-JP (May 01-Jul 31)
Great HornbillBuceros bicornis
Goa-IN, Karnataka-IN, Kerala-IN, Maharashtra-IN, Tamil Nadu-IN
Ruddy KingfisherHalcyon coromanda
Hokkaido-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Aomori-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Iwate-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Miyagi-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Akita-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Yamagata-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Fukushima-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Ibaraki-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Tochigi-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Gunma-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Saitama-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Chiba-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Tokyo-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Kanagawa-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Niigata-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Toyama-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Ishikawa-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Fukui-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Yamanashi-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Nagano-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Gifu-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Shizuoka-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Aichi-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Mie-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Shiga-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Kyoto-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Osaka-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Hyogo-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Nara-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Wakayama-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Tottori-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Shimane-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Okayama-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Hiroshima-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Yamaguchi-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Tokushima-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Kagawa-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Ehime-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Kochi-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Fukuoka-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Saga-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Nagasaki-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Kumamoto-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Oita-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31), Miyazaki-JP (Apr 15-Jul 31)
European RollerCoracias garrulus
Poland
Eurasian Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides tridactylus
Japan
Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker (Eurasian)Picoides tridactylus [tridactylus Group]
Japan
Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker (Dark-bodied)Picoides tridactylus funebris
Japan
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Switzerland
White-backed Woodpecker (Lilford's)Dendrocopos leucotos lilfordi
Switzerland
White-backed Woodpecker (White-backed)Dendrocopos leucotos [leucotos Group]
Switzerland
White-backed Woodpecker (Amami)Dendrocopos leucotos owstoni
Switzerland
Black WoodpeckerDryocopus martius
Japan (Apr 01-Jun 30)
Sooty FalconFalco concolor
Israel, Palestinian Territory
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Andorra, Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Switzerland, Algeria, Egypt, Western Sahara, Spain, France, Georgia, Gibraltar, Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Israel, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Oman, Palestinian Territory, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Serbia, Saudi Arabia, Slovenia, Syria, Tunisia, Türkiye, Kosovo, Yemen
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (North American)Falco peregrinus anatum
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (Tundra)Falco peregrinus calidus/tundrius
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (Peale's)Falco peregrinus pealei
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (South American)Falco peregrinus cassini
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (Eurasian)Falco peregrinus [peregrinus Group]
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (Mediterranean)Falco peregrinus brookei
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (Barbary)Falco peregrinus pelegrinoides
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (Cape Verde)Falco peregrinus madens
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (Red-capped)Falco peregrinus babylonicus
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (African)Falco peregrinus minor
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (Madagascar)Falco peregrinus radama
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (Shaheen)Falco peregrinus peregrinator
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (Indo-Pacific)Falco peregrinus ernesti/nesiotes
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Peregrine Falcon (Australian)Falco peregrinus macropus/submelanogenys
United Kingdom (Mar 07-Jul 31), Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), Japan
Palm CockatooProbosciger aterrimus
Indonesia
Tanimbar CorellaCacatua goffiniana
Indonesia
Philippine CockatooCacatua haematuropygia[CR]Philippines
Yellow-crested CockatooCacatua sulphurea[CR]Indonesia, Singapore, Timor-Leste
Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Yellow-crested)Cacatua sulphurea [sulphurea Group]
Indonesia, Singapore, Timor-Leste
Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Orange-crested)Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata
Indonesia, Singapore, Timor-Leste
Sulphur-crested CockatooCacatua galerita
Indonesia
Salmon-crested CockatooCacatua moluccensis
Indonesia
White CockatooCacatua alba[EN]Indonesia
Pesquet's ParrotPsittrichas fulgidus
Indonesia
Moluccan King-ParrotAlisterus amboinensis
Indonesia
Buru Racquet-tailPrioniturus mada
Indonesia
Golden-mantled Racquet-tailPrioniturus platurus
Indonesia
Blue-winged Racquet-tailPrioniturus verticalis[CR]Philippines
Yellow-breasted Racquet-tailPrioniturus flavicans
Indonesia
Green Racquet-tailPrioniturus luconensis[EN]Philippines
Alexandrine ParakeetPsittacula eupatria
Vietnam
Gray-headed ParakeetPsittacula finschii
Vietnam
Blossom-headed ParakeetPsittacula roseata
Vietnam
Red-breasted ParakeetPsittacula alexandri
Vietnam
Black-lored ParrotTanygnathus gramineus
Indonesia
Blue-naped ParrotTanygnathus lucionensis
Indonesia, Philippines
Night ParrotPezoporus occidentalis[EN]Australia
Orange-bellied ParrotNeophema chrysogaster[CR]Australia
Ouvea ParakeetEunymphicus uvaeensis
New Caledonia
Double-eyed Fig-Parrot (Coxen's)Cyclopsitta diophthalma coxeni[EN]Australia
Blue-fronted LorikeetCharmosynopsis toxopei[CR]Indonesia
Chattering LoryLorius garrulus
Indonesia
Purple-naped LoryLorius domicella[EN]Indonesia
Black-capped LoryLorius lory
Indonesia
Mindanao LorikeetSaudareos johnstoniae
Philippines
Blue-streaked LoryEos reticulata
Indonesia
Blue-eared LoryEos semilarvata
Indonesia
Red LoryEos bornea
Indonesia
Red-and-blue LoryEos histrio[EN]Indonesia
Violet-necked LoryEos squamata
Indonesia
Coconut LorikeetTrichoglossus haematodus
Indonesia, Timor-Leste
Coconut Lorikeet (Biak)Trichoglossus haematodus rosenbergii
Indonesia, Timor-Leste
Coconut Lorikeet (Coconut)Trichoglossus haematodus [haematodus Group]
Indonesia, Timor-Leste
Rainbow LorikeetTrichoglossus moluccanus
Timor-Leste
Red-collared LorikeetTrichoglossus rubritorquis
Indonesia, Timor-Leste
rainbow lorikeet sp.Trichoglossus sp. (rainbow lorikeet complex)
Indonesia, Timor-Leste
Marigold LorikeetTrichoglossus capistratus
Indonesia, Timor-Leste
Leaf LorikeetTrichoglossus weberi
Indonesia, Timor-Leste
Sunset LorikeetTrichoglossus forsteni[EN]Indonesia, Timor-Leste
Camiguin Hanging-ParrotLoriculus camiguinensis
Philippines
Yellow-throated Hanging-ParrotLoriculus pusillus
Indonesia
Wallace's Hanging-ParrotLoriculus flosculus
Indonesia
Vinaceous-breasted ParrotAmazona vinacea[EN]Argentina
Red-crowned ParrotAmazona viridigenalis[EN]Mexico
Lilac-crowned ParrotAmazona finschi[EN]Mexico
Yellow-naped ParrotAmazona auropalliata[EN]Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Chiapas-MX, Oaxaca-MX
Yellow-headed ParrotAmazona oratrix[EN]Belize, Izabal-GT, Atlántida-HN, Cortés-HN, Campeche-MX, Chiapas-MX, Colima-MX, Guerrero-MX, Hidalgo-MX, Jalisco-MX, Michoacán-MX, Nayarit-MX, Nuevo León-MX, Oaxaca-MX, Puebla-MX, San Luis Potosí-MX, Tabasco-MX, Tamaulipas-MX, Veracruz-MX
Yellow-headed Parrot (Tres Marias Is.)Amazona oratrix tresmariae
Belize, Izabal-GT, Atlántida-HN, Cortés-HN, Campeche-MX, Chiapas-MX, Colima-MX, Guerrero-MX, Hidalgo-MX, Jalisco-MX, Michoacán-MX, Nayarit-MX, Nuevo León-MX, Oaxaca-MX, Puebla-MX, San Luis Potosí-MX, Tabasco-MX, Tamaulipas-MX, Veracruz-MX
Yellow-headed Parrot (Mainland)Amazona oratrix [oratrix Group]
Belize, Izabal-GT, Atlántida-HN, Cortés-HN, Campeche-MX, Chiapas-MX, Colima-MX, Guerrero-MX, Hidalgo-MX, Jalisco-MX, Michoacán-MX, Nayarit-MX, Nuevo León-MX, Oaxaca-MX, Puebla-MX, San Luis Potosí-MX, Tabasco-MX, Tamaulipas-MX, Veracruz-MX
Yellow-lored ParrotAmazona xantholora
Honduras, Mexico
Puerto Rican ParrotAmazona vittata[CR]Puerto Rico
Mexican ParrotletForpus cyanopygius
Mexico
Thick-billed ParrotRhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha[EN]Mexico
Spix's MacawCyanopsitta spixii[EW]Brazil
Blue-throated MacawAra glaucogularis[CR]Bolivia
Red-fronted MacawAra rubrogenys[CR]Bolivia
Military MacawAra militaris
Mexico
Scarlet MacawAra macao
Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Alta Verapaz-GT, Petén-GT, Chiapas-MX, Veracruz-MX
Pacific ParakeetPsittacara strenuus
Mexico
Fairy PittaPitta nympha
China, Japan (May 15-Jul 31), Taiwan (Apr 01-Aug 31)
Raja Ampat PitohuiPitohui cerviniventris
Indonesia
Northern Variable PitohuiPitohui kirhocephalus
Indonesia
Southern Variable PitohuiPitohui uropygialis
Indonesia
Hooded ButcherbirdCracticus cassicus
Indonesia
Spangled DrongoDicrurus bracteatus
Indonesia
Black SicklebillEpimachus fastosus
Indonesia
Japanese Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone atrocaudata
Japan (May 01-Jul 31)
Crested ShrikejayPlatylophus galericulatus
Indonesia
Tiger ShrikeLanius tigrinus
Japan (May 01-Jul 31)
Brown ShrikeLanius cristatus
Hokkaido-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Aomori-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Iwate-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Miyagi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Akita-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamagata-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukushima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ibaraki-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tochigi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Gunma-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Saitama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Chiba-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tokyo-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kanagawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Niigata-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Toyama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ishikawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukui-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamanashi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nagano-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Gifu-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shizuoka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Aichi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Mie-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shiga-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kyoto-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Osaka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Hyogo-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nara-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Wakayama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tottori-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shimane-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Okayama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Hiroshima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamaguchi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tokushima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kagawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ehime-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kochi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukuoka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Saga-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nagasaki-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kumamoto-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Oita-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Miyazaki-JP (May 01-Jul 31)
Brown Shrike (Brown)Lanius cristatus cristatus/confusus
Hokkaido-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Aomori-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Iwate-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Miyagi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Akita-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamagata-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukushima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ibaraki-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tochigi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Gunma-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Saitama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Chiba-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tokyo-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kanagawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Niigata-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Toyama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ishikawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukui-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamanashi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nagano-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Gifu-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shizuoka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Aichi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Mie-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shiga-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kyoto-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Osaka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Hyogo-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nara-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Wakayama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tottori-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shimane-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Okayama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Hiroshima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamaguchi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tokushima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kagawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ehime-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kochi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukuoka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Saga-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nagasaki-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kumamoto-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Oita-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Miyazaki-JP (May 01-Jul 31)
Brown Shrike (Japanese)Lanius cristatus superciliosus
Hokkaido-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Aomori-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Iwate-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Miyagi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Akita-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamagata-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukushima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ibaraki-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tochigi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Gunma-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Saitama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Chiba-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tokyo-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kanagawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Niigata-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Toyama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ishikawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukui-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamanashi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nagano-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Gifu-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shizuoka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Aichi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Mie-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shiga-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kyoto-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Osaka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Hyogo-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nara-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Wakayama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tottori-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shimane-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Okayama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Hiroshima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamaguchi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tokushima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kagawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ehime-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kochi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukuoka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Saga-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nagasaki-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kumamoto-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Oita-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Miyazaki-JP (May 01-Jul 31)
Brown Shrike (Philippine)Lanius cristatus lucionensis
Hokkaido-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Aomori-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Iwate-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Miyagi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Akita-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamagata-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukushima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ibaraki-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tochigi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Gunma-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Saitama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Chiba-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tokyo-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kanagawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Niigata-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Toyama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ishikawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukui-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamanashi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nagano-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Gifu-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shizuoka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Aichi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Mie-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shiga-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kyoto-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Osaka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Hyogo-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nara-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Wakayama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tottori-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Shimane-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Okayama-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Hiroshima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Yamaguchi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Tokushima-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kagawa-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Ehime-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kochi-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Fukuoka-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Saga-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Nagasaki-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Kumamoto-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Oita-JP (May 01-Jul 31), Miyazaki-JP (May 01-Jul 31)
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach
Indonesia
Long-tailed Shrike (erythronotus/caniceps)Lanius schach erythronotus/caniceps
Indonesia
Long-tailed Shrike (schach)Lanius schach schach
Indonesia
Long-tailed Shrike (tricolor/longicaudatus)Lanius schach tricolor/longicaudatus
Indonesia
Long-tailed Shrike (bentet)Lanius schach bentet
Indonesia
Long-tailed Shrike (nasutus Group)Lanius schach [nasutus Group]
Indonesia
Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianus
New York-US (Apr 15-Aug 01), Wisconsin-US (Apr 15-Aug 15)
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Spain
Red-billed Blue-MagpieUrocissa erythroryncha
China, Myanmar, Vietnam
Common Green-MagpieCissa chinensis
China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam
Indochinese Green-MagpieCissa hypoleuca
Vietnam
Racket-tailed TreepieCrypsirina temia
Indonesia
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Red-billed Chough (Red-billed)Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax [pyrrhocorax Group]
Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Red-billed Chough (Ethiopian)Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax baileyi
Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Israel, Palestinian Territory
Greater Hoopoe-Lark (Cape Verde)Alaemon alaudipes boavistae
Israel, Palestinian Territory
Greater Hoopoe-Lark (Mainland)Alaemon alaudipes [alaudipes Group]
Israel, Palestinian Territory
Australasian BushlarkMirafra javanica
Indonesia, Vietnam
Mongolian LarkMelanocorypha mongolica
China
Oriental SkylarkAlauda gulgula
Vietnam
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
England-GB (May 25-Aug 20)
Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosus
Thailand, Vietnam
Sooty-headed BulbulPycnonotus aurigaster
Indonesia
Penan BulbulAlophoixus ruficrissus
Indonesia
Ochraceous BulbulAlophoixus ochraceus
Indonesia
Arabian WarblerCurruca leucomelaena
Israel, Palestinian Territory
Dartford WarblerCurruca undata
United Kingdom
Black-capped White-eyeZosterops atricapilla
Indonesia
Chestnut-flanked White-eyeZosterops erythropleurus
Vietnam
Swinhoe's White-eyeZosterops simplex
Indonesia
Warbling White-eyeZosterops japonicus
Indonesia
Hume's White-eyeZosterops auriventer
Indonesia
Sangkar White-eyeZosterops melanurus
Indonesia
Black LaughingthrushMelanocichla lugubris
Indonesia
Large Wren-BabblerTurdinus macrodactylus
Indonesia
Red-tailed LaughingthrushTrochalopteron milnei
Vietnam
Black-headed SibiaHeterophasia desgodinsi
Vietnam
Black-headed Sibia (Black-headed)Heterophasia desgodinsi desgodinsi/tonkinensis
Vietnam
Black-headed Sibia (engelbachi/kingi)Heterophasia desgodinsi engelbachi/kingi
Vietnam
Black-headed Sibia (Lang Bian)Heterophasia desgodinsi robinsoni
Vietnam
Black-crowned BarwingActinodura sodangorum
Vietnam
Silver-eared MesiaLeiothrix argentauris
China, Indonesia, Vietnam
Silver-eared Mesia (Silver-eared)Leiothrix argentauris [argentauris Group]
China, Indonesia, Vietnam
Rufous-backed SibiaLeioptila annectens
Vietnam
Rufous-backed Sibia (Rufous-backed)Leioptila annectens [annectens Group]
Vietnam
Rufous-backed Sibia (Dalat)Leioptila annectens eximia
Vietnam
Spot-breasted LaughingthrushGarrulax merulinus
China, Myanmar, Thailand
Orange-breasted LaughingthrushGarrulax annamensis
Vietnam
Chinese HwameiGarrulax canorus
China, Laos, Vietnam
White-crested LaughingthrushGarrulax leucolophus
Vietnam
Black-hooded LaughingthrushGarrulax milleti
Vietnam
Gray LaughingthrushGarrulax maesi
Vietnam
Rufous-cheeked LaughingthrushGarrulax castanotis
Vietnam
Moustached LaughingthrushIanthocincla cineracea
China
Moustached Laughingthrush (Western)Ianthocincla cineracea cineracea/strenua
China
Moustached Laughingthrush (Eastern)Ianthocincla cineracea cinereiceps
China
Chestnut-capped LaughingthrushPterorhinus mitratus
Indonesia
Chestnut-hooded LaughingthrushPterorhinus treacheri
Indonesia
Black-throated LaughingthrushPterorhinus chinensis
China, Hong Kong, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Macau, Thailand, Vietnam
Black-throated Laughingthrush (Black-throated)Pterorhinus chinensis [chinensis Group]
China, Hong Kong, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Macau, Thailand, Vietnam
Black-throated Laughingthrush (Hainan)Pterorhinus chinensis monachus
China, Hong Kong, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Macau, Thailand, Vietnam
WallcreeperTichodroma muraria
Malopolskie-PL (May 01-Sep 01)
Asian Glossy StarlingAplonis panayensis
Indonesia
Common Hill MynaGracula religiosa
Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam
Asian Pied StarlingGracupica contra
Indonesia
Asian Pied Starling (Asian)Gracupica contra [contra Group]
Indonesia
Javan MynaAcridotheres javanicus
Indonesia
Slate-colored SolitaireMyadestes unicolor
Mexico
Sunda ThrushZoothera andromedae
Indonesia
Rusty-backed ThrushGeokichla erythronota
Indonesia
Orange-headed ThrushGeokichla citrina
Indonesia, Vietnam
Orange-headed Thrush (Orange-headed)Geokichla citrina [citrina Group]
Indonesia, Vietnam
Orange-headed Thrush (White-throated)Geokichla citrina cyanota
Indonesia, Vietnam
Orange-headed Thrush (Plain-winged)Geokichla citrina albogularis/andamanensis
Indonesia, Vietnam
Orange-headed Thrush (Buff-throated)Geokichla citrina [aurimacula Group]
Indonesia, Vietnam
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Scotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Scotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
Oriental Magpie-RobinCopsychus saularis
Indonesia, Malaysia
Oriental Magpie-Robin (Oriental)Copsychus saularis [saularis Group]
Indonesia, Malaysia
Oriental Magpie-Robin (Black)Copsychus saularis [amoenus Group]
Indonesia, Malaysia
Rufous-tailed ShamaCopsychus pyrropygus
Indonesia
White-rumped ShamaCopsychus malabaricus
Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam
White-rumped Shama (White-rumped)Copsychus malabaricus [malabaricus Group]
Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam
White-rumped Shama (Barusan)Copsychus malabaricus [melanurus Group]
Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam
White-rumped Shama (White-crowned)Copsychus malabaricus stricklandii/barbouri
Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Switzerland
Van Hasselt's SunbirdLeptocoma brasiliana
Indonesia
Asian Fairy-bluebirdIrena puella
Indonesia
Asian Fairy-bluebird (Asian)Irena puella [puella Group]
Indonesia
Asian Fairy-bluebird (Palawan)Irena puella tweeddalii
Indonesia
Lesser Green LeafbirdChloropsis cyanopogon
Indonesia
Blue-winged LeafbirdChloropsis cochinchinensis
Indonesia, Malaysia
Blue-winged Leafbird (Blue-winged)Chloropsis cochinchinensis [moluccensis Group]
Indonesia, Malaysia
Blue-winged Leafbird (Javan)Chloropsis cochinchinensis cochinchinensis[EN]Indonesia, Malaysia
Bornean LeafbirdChloropsis kinabaluensis
Indonesia
Golden-fronted LeafbirdChloropsis aurifrons
Vietnam
Orange-bellied LeafbirdChloropsis hardwickii
Malaysia, Vietnam
Orange-bellied Leafbird (Orange-bellied)Chloropsis hardwickii hardwickii/malayana
Malaysia, Vietnam
Orange-bellied Leafbird (Grayish-crowned)Chloropsis hardwickii lazulina/melliana
Malaysia, Vietnam
Asian Golden WeaverPloceus hypoxanthus
Indonesia, Cambodia, Vietnam
Zebra FinchTaeniopygia guttata
Indonesia, Timor-Leste
Zebra Finch (Australian)Taeniopygia guttata castanotis
Indonesia, Timor-Leste
Java SparrowPadda oryzivora[EN]Indonesia
White-capped MuniaLonchura ferruginosa
Jawa-ID, Nusa Tenggara-ID
Pin-tailed ParrotfinchErythrura prasina
Indonesia
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Scotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
Yellow-bellied SiskinSpinus xanthogastrus
Venezuela
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureola[CR]China, India, Japan (May 01-Jul 31)
Henslow's SparrowCentronyx henslowii
Ontario-CA (May 15-Aug 15)
Pampas MeadowlarkLeistes defilippii
Uruguay
Saffron-cowled BlackbirdXanthopsar flavus[EN]Argentina, Uruguay
Swainson's WarblerLimnothlypis swainsonii
Maryland-US (Apr 10-Aug 20)
Kirtland's WarblerSetophaga kirtlandii
Ontario-CA (May 20-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US
Rose-bellied BuntingPasserina rositae
Mexico
Painted BuntingPasserina ciris
Florida-US (Jan 01-Apr 15 & Oct 01-Dec 31)
Marsh SeedeaterSporophila palustris[EN]Uruguay
Chestnut SeedeaterSporophila cinnamomea
Uruguay