In This Article

What is a "Sensitive Species"?

How are Sensitive Species displayed in eBird?

How should eBirders report sensitive species?

What about other birds that aren't on the Sensitive Species List?

Sensitive Species List


Bali Mynas are Critically Endangered due to illegal poaching, fewer than 1,000 adults of the species left in the wild. 

Bill Bacon/Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab (ML106837731)

 


What is a "Sensitive Species"?


Some bird species face risks from humans of capture, targeted killing, or significant targeted disturbance. Open-access data can be a risk for these birds that are targeted for exploitation. eBird data output is restricted to protect these "Sensitive Species" while still allowing important data about them to be entered into eBird. 

 

The exploitation of wild birds for captive trade is the most significant risk for many bird species. Despite laws that protect wild birds and regulate international trade in threatened animals (see Birdlife International summary of bird trade and CITES), illegal trade remains a major threat to many species.


With these dangers to wild birds in mind, Sensitive Species listings allow eBirders to submit specific location data for at-risk species in a way that supports science and conservation, without risk of causing harm to the birds.


How are Sensitive Species defined?


eBird consults with our local partners worldwide in order to develop our list of Sensitive Species. Sensitive Species in eBird conform to these guidelines:

  • Sensitive Species are formally recommended by a partner or published source, and rationale for the listing is stored at eBird.

  • Sensitive Species in eBird are those for which demonstrable harm could occur from public display of site-level records, including (but not limited to): 1) targeted capture for the cage bird trade; 2) targeted hunting; 3) targeted disturbance of nests, roosts, or individual birds from birdwatchers or photographers. Species that are rare but are not under pressure from targeted human exploitation or disturbance generally are not considered Sensitive.

  • In many, but not all, cases, a Sensitive Species has formal listing as an Endangered or Threatened species either on a local priority list or by the IUCN (http://www.iucnredlist.org/).

  • Sensitive Species are implemented primarily at the global scale, but regional and seasonal treatments are applied in some cases.


How are Sensitive Species displayed in eBird?

 

Sensitive Species have a customized display in eBird, where they are:      

  • Hidden from checklist views, except to observers on the checklist

  • Hidden from all site-level output (e.g., Hotspot Explorer, bar charts for hotspots)

  • Shown only at grid-cell level (400 km2 accuracy) on eBird species maps 

  • Shown at region-level output (e.g., Region Explorer, Illustrated Checklists) with checklist details (date, location, observer, checklist link) omitted

  • Included in listing totals (e.g., Top 100), but never shown as "most recent addition"

  • Shown in Media Search with checklist details (date, location, observer, checklist link) omitted and only for regions larger than a hotspot

  • Specifically marked as Sensitive wherever the species name is displayed in output and location-level data has been removed, such as on the Region Explorer or Illustrated Checklist pages


Since these data can still be used by qualified scientists (including Endangered Species recovery teams), these records are still seen by our eBird reviewers, who must check identifications for accuracy. 


This endangered Blakiston’s Fish Owl was a known individual photographed from a blind in a safe setting, but many owl sightings can attract undue disturbance through unethical behavior. 

Ian Davies/Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab (ML26859651).


How should eBirders report sensitive species?

Report the observation in eBird where the record will be protected from exploitation and still help inform research and conservation for the species.


However, we ask eBirders observing any of the species on our Sensitive Species List to use discretion in sharing sightings via other public platforms (e.g., Facebook, WhatsApp, webpages, listservs, etc.).Revealing site-level records exposes the birds to risk from professional bird trappers, hunters, and/or pressure by birdwatchers and photographers and could cause significant harm to the conservation of these species. We recommend that you enjoy your good fortune privately and keep the specific location secret from others outside of eBird to help protect the species. 



Painted Buntings are a regionally sensitive species in Florida between October and April. 

David Hollie/Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab (ML26622721).


What about other birds that aren't on the Sensitive Species List?

eBird's Sensitive Species protections only apply to clear cases where public information about a species may place that species at risk. There are other cases where it may be best to not report specific observations publicly on eBird, even if the species isn't sensitive as a whole, either due to restricted site access concerns or because the bird may be harmed in some way. eBirders must take it upon themselves to understand the situation locally and to use their best judgment, as the status of a species may change from place to place. 


Here are a few ways to help protect sensitive birds when reporting to eBird:

  • Wait until the season is over and the sensitive bird(s) have left before reporting the birds to eBird. You can go back and ‘edit’ your checklists later to include sensitive records after the birds have departed.
  • Do not provide explicit coordinates or directions to sensitive records. For instance, you may say that birds were seen at a state park, instead of listing the exact location therein.
  • Delay reporting observations for 8 days or more to keep these reports off of eBird Alerts.
  • Hide observations in eBird after you have submitted a checklist by selecting that option from the “Checklist Tools” dropdown menu. This keeps the species off the output (e.g., maps, bar charts etc.) but does not hide the fact that you went birding altogether (i.e., the date and location may show up on the Recent Checklists feed, but no one will be able to see the species you saw). Once the species is safe again, we always recommend 'unhiding' your checklist because all sightings on hidden eBird checklists cannot be used for scientific analysis or by fellow birders.


For example, Long-eared Owls are particularly vulnerable to human disturbance in their day roosts across the Northeastern US, but in much of the Western US and eastern Europe this is not an issue. Matt Brady/Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab (ML45715441)


Be a conscientious birder

It’s up to each and every individual birder to ensure that they behave themselves in the field. The American Birding Association published a Birding Code of Ethics that should be followed by all birders (see below). eBird fully supports these recommendations and we are pleased that the great majority of birders follow this code. We encourage all birders to review these guidelines, and realize that they are established to help protect the birds we all love to watch! Moreover, take it upon yourself to understand the conservation concerns in your area, and be aware that your actions could impact birds negatively. Be smart, be aware, and always keep the bird’s best interests in mind.


Sensitive Species List


Species treated as Sensitive Globally

Jump to Regionally Sensitive Species


Certain species are treated as Sensitive at a global level in eBird, including species from the following groups:


Certain falcon species (Falconidae) are rare and highly valued in falconry. These species are treated as Sensitive to protect them from the falconry trade.


Parrots and parakeets. Capture of wild birds for trade has drastically reduced many populations and driven several species to extinction in the wild (Olah et al. 2016). 


Asian birds at risk from commercial trade, particularly species and subspecies groups that are considered Critically Endangered or Endangered by the IUCN, have small or restricted populations, or are known to be severely declining from commercial trade in parts of Southeast Asia. 


Owls sensitive to targeted disturbance. Disturbance at their day roosts or use of playback can repeatedly disturb individuals, pairs, or small populations. Large crowds surrounding and following certain owls in winter (sometimes engaging in unethical baiting practices) disrupts natural hunting and exposes owls to great risk from vehicle collisions or habituation to humans. We currently treat certain species as globally Sensitive because of known issues with publicizing specific locations. However, we encourage ethical behavior around all owls.


Species sensitive to targeted disturbance—certain species with small populations or habitats that cannot tolerate significant targeted disturbance.


Landbirds in certain regions of South America have active bird trade and this has led to severe population declines. This includes species that are considered Critically Endangered or Endangered by the IUCN, have small or restricted populations, or are known to be severely declining from bird trade. Common Diuca-Finch x Yellow Cardinal (hybrid) is included becaused sightings could be used to locate breeding areas of Yellow Cardinal.

Species sensitive to targeted hunting. Some species are under particular pressure from hunting, either for food or for use of the bird's body parts (e.g., Helmeted Hornbill), and hunters may specifically target individuals or concentrations of birds.

Extinct in the Wild species, which persist in captivity, are protected as Sensitive Species to ensure that reintroduction efforts have the best chance at success. 


Codes in brackets refer to IUCN Red List (v2019) codes of Critically Endangered [CR], Endangered [EN], or Extinct in the Wild [EW]. 


Philippine DuckAnas luzonica
Alagoas CurassowMitu mitu[EW]
Hainan Peacock-PheasantPolyplectron katsumatae[EN]
Edwards's PheasantLophura edwardsi[CR]
Gunnison Sage-GrouseCentrocercus minimus[EN]
Lesser Prairie-ChickenTympanuchus pallidicinctus
Silvery Wood-PigeonColumba argentina[CR]
Wetar Ground DoveAlopecoenas hoedtii[EN]
Blue-eyed Ground DoveColumbina cyanopis[CR]
Western Crowned-PigeonGoura cristata
Great Indian BustardArdeotis nigriceps[CR]
Lesser FloricanSypheotides indicus[EN]
Dulit FrogmouthBatrachostomus harterti
Gorgeted PufflegEriocnemis isabellae[CR]
Chilean WoodstarEulidia yarrellii[CR]
Guam RailGallirallus owstoni[CR]
Plains-wandererPedionomus torquatus[CR]
Philippine EaglePithecophaga jefferyi[CR]
Flores Scops-OwlOtus alfredi[EN]
Javan Scops-OwlOtus angelinae
Rinjani Scops-OwlOtus jolandae
Philippine Eagle-OwlBubo philippensis
Blakiston's Fish-OwlKetupa blakistoni[EN]
Brown Fish-Owl (Turkish)Ketupa zeylonensis semenowi
Northern Hawk OwlSurnia ulula
Northern Hawk Owl (American)Surnia ulula caparoch
Northern Hawk Owl (Eurasian)Surnia ulula ulula/tianschanica
Javan OwletGlaucidium castanopterum
Desert OwlStrix hadorami
Omani OwlStrix butleri
Spotted OwlStrix occidentalis
Spotted Owl (Northern)Strix occidentalis caurina
Spotted Owl (California)Strix occidentalis occidentalis
Spotted Owl (Mexican)Strix occidentalis lucida
Pere David's OwlStrix davidi
Great Gray OwlStrix nebulosa
Great Gray Owl (American)Strix nebulosa nebulosa
Great Gray Owl (Lapland)Strix nebulosa lapponica
Helmeted HornbillBuceros vigil[CR]
Writhe-billed HornbillRhabdotorrhinus waldeni[CR]
Javan KingfisherHalcyon cyanoventris
Guam KingfisherTodiramphus cinnamominus[EW]
Orange-breasted FalconFalco deiroleucus
Saker FalconFalco cherrug[EN]
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Olive-shouldered ParrotAprosmictus jonquillaceus
Derbyan ParakeetPsittacula derbiana
Great-billed ParrotTanygnathus megalorynchos
Azure-rumped ParrotTanygnathus sumatranus
Iris LorikeetPsitteuteles iris
Glaucous MacawAnodorhynchus glaucus
Maroon-fronted ParrotRhynchopsitta terrisi[EN]
Sun ParakeetAratinga solstitialis[EN]
Great Green MacawAra ambiguus[CR]
Javan Banded-PittaHydrornis guajanus
Gurney's PittaHydrornis gurneyi[CR]
Pied Shrike-BabblerPteruthius flaviscapis
Trilling Shrike-BabblerPteruthius aenobarbus
Fawn-breasted WhistlerPachycephala orpheus
Isabela OrioleOriolus isabellae[CR]
Cerulean Paradise-FlycatcherEutrichomyias rowleyi[CR]
Sumatran DrongoDicrurus sumatranus
Wallacean DrongoDicrurus densus
Javan Green-MagpieCissa thalassina[CR]
Bornean Green-MagpieCissa jefferyi
Sumatran TreepieDendrocitta occipitalis
Hawaiian CrowCorvus hawaiiensis[EW]
Ruby-throated BulbulRubigula dispar
Straw-headed BulbulPycnonotus zeylanicus[CR]
Spot-necked BulbulPycnonotus tympanistrigus
Aceh BulbulPycnonotus snouckaerti[EN]
Orange-spotted BulbulPycnonotus bimaculatus
Aceh/Orange-spotted BulbulPycnonotus snouckaerti/bimaculatus
Gray-cheeked BulbulAlophoixus bres
Gray-cheeked Bulbul (Gray-cheeked)Alophoixus bres tephrogenys/gutturalis
Gray-cheeked Bulbul (Brown-cheeked)Alophoixus bres bres/balicus[EN]
Sangihe Golden-BulbulAlophoixus platenae[CR]
Javan Gray-throated White-eyeLophozosterops javanicus
Javan White-eyeZosterops flavus[EN]
Black-browed BabblerTurdinus perspicillatus
Sunda LaughingthrushGarrulax palliatus
Rufous-fronted LaughingthrushGarrulax rufifrons[CR]
Sumatran LaughingthrushGarrulax bicolor[EN]
Chestnut-eared LaughingthrushIanthocincla konkakinhensis
Biet's LaughingthrushIanthocincla bieti
White-cheeked LaughingthrushIanthocincla vassali
Blue-crowned LaughingthrushIanthocincla courtoisi[CR]
Buffy LaughingthrushIanthocincla berthemyi
Golden-winged LaughingthrushTrochalopteron ngoclinhense[EN]
Collared LaughingthrushTrochalopteron yersini[EN]
Silver-eared Mesia (Sumatran)Leiothrix argentauris laurinae/rookmakeri[EN]
Gray-crowned CrociasCrocias langbianis[EN]
Spotted CrociasCrocias albonotatus
Gray-faced LiocichlaLiocichla omeiensis
Finch-billed MynaScissirostrum dubium
Enggano MynaGracula enganensis
Nias MynaGracula robusta[CR]
Asian Pied Starling (Javan)Gracupica contra jalla[CR]
Bali MynaLeucopsar rothschildi[CR]
Black-winged StarlingAcridotheres melanopterus
Black-winged Starling (Black-winged)Acridotheres melanopterus melanopterus[CR]
Black-winged Starling (Gray-backed)Acridotheres melanopterus tricolor[CR]
Black-winged Starling (Gray-rumped)Acridotheres melanopterus tertius[CR]
Pale-bellied MynaAcridotheres cinereus
PuaiohiMyadestes palmeri[CR]
Sumatran CochoaCochoa beccarii
Javan CochoaCochoa azurea
Buru ThrushGeokichla dumasi
Seram ThrushGeokichla joiceyi
Chestnut-capped ThrushGeokichla interpres[EN]
Enggano ThrushGeokichla leucolaema
Chestnut-backed ThrushGeokichla dohertyi
Slaty-backed ThrushGeokichla schistacea
Javan Whistling-ThrushMyophonus glaucinus
Sunda ForktailEnicurus velatus
Sunda RobinMyiomela diana
Sunda Robin (Sumatran)Myiomela diana sumatrana
Sunda Robin (Javan)Myiomela diana diana
White-flanked SunbirdAethopyga eximia
Greater Green LeafbirdChloropsis sonnerati[EN]
Sumatran LeafbirdChloropsis media[EN]
Blue-masked LeafbirdChloropsis venusta
Finn's WeaverPloceus megarhynchus
Green AvadavatSporaeginthus formosus
Zebra Finch (Lesser Sundas)Taeniopygia guttata guttata
Tricolored ParrotfinchErythrura tricolor
Mount Mutis Parrotfinch (undescribed form)Erythrura [undescribed form]
Timor SparrowLonchura fuscata
Yellow-faced SiskinSpinus yarrellii
Red SiskinSpinus cucullatus[EN]
Great-billed Seed-FinchSporophila maximiliani[EN]
Large-billed Seed-FinchSporophila crassirostris
Yellow CardinalGubernatrix cristata[EN]
Common Diuca-Finch x Yellow Cardinal (hybrid)Diuca diuca x Gubernatrix cristata

 


Orange-breasted Falcon by Gustavo Diniz Mendes de Carvalho/Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab (ML8066432).


Regionally Sensitive Species


In addition to the species treated as Sensitive at a global level (above), a subset of species Sensitive in their native range or in subsets of their range are also included. For some of these (e.g., Java Sparrow) the species is Sensitive throughout all of its native range, but has introduced populations in certain places (e.g., Hawaii) where site-level records are still displayed. 


Many parrot species are treated as Sensitive in their native range only, since some introduced populations are worth displaying openly and may represent important populations for conservation with other wild populations so close to extinction.


Codes in brackets refer to IUCN Red List (v2019) codes of Critically Endangered [CR], Endangered [EN], or Extinct in the Wild [EW]. 

 

Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Scotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Baer's PochardAythya baeri[CR]South Korea
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Scotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Scotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
England-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Scaly-sided MerganserMergus squamatus[EN]South Korea
Blue-breasted QuailSynoicus chinensis
Taiwan
Gray PartridgePerdix perdix
Switzerland
Western CapercaillieTetrao urogallus
Italy, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom
Black GrouseTetrao tetrix
Italy, United Kingdom
Hazel GrouseTetrastes bonasia
Switzerland
Greater Sage-GrouseCentrocercus urophasianusCanada
Spruce GrouseFalcipennis canadensisNew York-US
Spruce Grouse (Spruce)Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis Group]New York-US
Spruce Grouse (Franklin's)Falcipennis canadensis frankliniiNew York-US
Rock PtarmiganLagopus muta
Spain
Sharp-tailed GrouseTympanuchus phasianellusBritish Columbia-CA, Wisconsin-US
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Scotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis
United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Sclater's Crowned-PigeonGoura sclaterii
Indonesia
Scheepmaker's Crowned-PigeonGoura scheepmakeriIndonesia
Victoria Crowned-PigeonGoura victoria
Indonesia
Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Turkey
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse (Iberian)Pterocles alchata alchataTurkey
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse (Pin-tailed)Pterocles alchata caudacutusTurkey
Great BustardOtis tarda
Italy, Morocco, Turkey, England-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Little BustardTetrax tetrax
Italy
Sunda CoucalCentropus nigrorufusIndonesia
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusIdaho-US
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeusSwitzerland
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptiusIsrael, Palestinian Territory
Nubian NightjarCaprimulgus nubicusIsrael, Palestinian Territory
Nubian Nightjar (Nubian)Caprimulgus nubicus nubicus/tamaricisIsrael, Palestinian Territory
Nubian Nightjar (Torrid)Caprimulgus nubicus torridusIsrael, Palestinian Territory
Nubian Nightjar (Socotra)Caprimulgus nubicus jonesiIsrael, Palestinian Territory
King RailRallus elegans
Ontario-CA, New York-US (Mar 15-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US (May 15-Aug 01)
King Rail (Northern)Rallus elegans elegansOntario-CA, New York-US (Mar 15-Aug 15)
King Rail (Cuban)Rallus elegans ramsdeniOntario-CA, New York-US (Mar 15-Aug 15)
Corn CrakeCrex crex
Switzerland, United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
WatercockGallicrex cinerea
South Korea (Jun 01-Aug 31), Taiwan
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurusSouth Korea (Jun 01-Aug 31)
Ruddy-breasted CrakeZapornia fusca
South Korea (Jun 01-Aug 31)
Black RailLaterallus jamaicensisCanada, United States
Black Rail (Northern)Laterallus jamaicensis jamaicensis/coturniculusCanada, United States
Black Rail (Southern South America)Laterallus jamaicensis salinasi/murivagansCanada, United States
Black Rail (Junin)Laterallus jamaicensis tuerosi[EN]Canada, United States
Sarus CraneAntigone antigone
Chhattisgarh-IN
Common CraneGrus grus
United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Whooping CraneGrus americana[EN]Georgia-US, Indiana-US, Kentucky-US, Louisiana-US, Nebraska-US, Wisconsin-US
Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemusEngland-GB (Apr 01-Oct 15)
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusEngland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregarius[CR]Gujarat-IN (Jan 01-Mar 31 & Nov 01-Dec 31), Rajasthan-IN (Nov 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31)
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusWisconsin-US
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellusScotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Scotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Spoon-billed SandpiperCalidris pygmaea[CR]Russia
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Scotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Scotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Scotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Scotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Scotland-GB (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Small ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticus
Algeria, Gibraltar, Italy, Libya, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia
Black-bellied TernSterna acuticauda[EN]India (Feb 01-Jun 30)
Indian SkimmerRynchops albicollis[EN]India (Feb 01-Jul 31)
Arctic LoonGavia arctica
Scotland-GB (Mar 15-Aug 31)
Black StorkCiconia nigra
Italy (Apr 01-Aug 15)
Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
South Korea (Jun 01-Aug 31)
Schrenck's BitternIxobrychus eurhythmusSouth Korea (Jun 01-Aug 31)
Japanese Night-HeronGorsachius goisagi
Japan (Apr 15-Aug 31), Philippines, South Korea
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus[EN]Italy
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
United Kingdom (May 01-Aug 20)
Black-and-chestnut EagleSpizaetus isidori[EN]Colombia
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis[EN]Ankara-MX (Mar 01-Aug 31), Kırşehir-MX (Mar 01-Aug 31), Konya-MX (Mar 01-Aug 31), Aksaray-MX (Mar 01-Aug 31)
Spanish EagleAquila adalberti
Portugal
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Israel, Italy (Mar 01-Aug 15), Palestinian Territory, Scotland-GB, Maine-US (Apr 10-Sep 25), New York-US (Apr 15-Sep 15)
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Israel, Italy, Palestinian Territory, Turkey
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Feb 01-Jul 31)
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Italy, England-GB (Apr 01-Aug 31)
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
United Kingdom (Feb 01-Jul 31), Ontario-CA (Mar 01-Jul 31), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Aug 31), New York-US (Mar 15-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US (Mar 01-Aug 01)
Northern Goshawk (Eurasian)Accipiter gentilis [gentilis Group]United Kingdom, Ontario-CA (Mar 01-Jul 31), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Aug 31), New York-US (Mar 15-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US (Mar 01-Aug 01)
Northern Goshawk (American)Accipiter gentilis atricapillus/laingiUnited Kingdom, Ontario-CA (Mar 01-Jul 31), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Aug 31), New York-US (Mar 15-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US (Mar 01-Aug 01)
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Scotland-GB (Feb 01-Jul 31)
Australasian Grass-OwlTyto longimembris
Taiwan
Barn OwlTyto alba
Canada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (Eurasian)Tyto alba [alba Group]Canada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (Madeiran)Tyto alba schmitzi
Canada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (Canary Is.)Tyto alba gracilirostrisCanada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (African)Tyto alba affinis
Canada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (Bioko)Tyto alba poensis
Canada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (Cape Verde)Tyto alba detorta
Canada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (Sao Tome)Tyto alba thomensisCanada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (Boang)Tyto alba crassirostrisCanada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (Eastern)Tyto alba [delicatula Group]Canada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (American)Tyto alba [furcata Group]Canada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (Curacao)Tyto alba bargei
Canada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (Lesser Antilles)Tyto alba insularis/nigrescensCanada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Barn Owl (Galapagos)Tyto alba punctatissimaCanada, China, Indonesia, Maryland-US, New York-US
Oriental Bay-OwlPhodilus badius
China, Indonesia
Sunda Scops-OwlOtus lempiji
Indonesia
Japanese Scops-OwlOtus semitorques
South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30)
Eurasian Scops-OwlOtus scops
Switzerland
Eurasian Scops-Owl (Eurasian)Otus scops [scops Group]Switzerland
Eurasian Scops-Owl (Cyprus)Otus scops cyprius
Switzerland
Oriental Scops-OwlOtus sunia
South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30)
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Italy, South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Switzerland
Rock Eagle-OwlBubo bengalensis
India
Brown Fish-OwlKetupa zeylonensis
Iran, Turkey
Brown Fish-Owl (Eastern)Ketupa zeylonensis [zeylonensis Group]Iran, Turkey
Tawny Fish-OwlKetupa flavipes
Taiwan
Buffy Fish-OwlKetupa ketupu
Indonesia
Eurasian Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium passerinumSwitzerland
Collared OwletGlaucidium brodiei
Taiwan
Collared Owlet (Collared)Glaucidium brodiei brodiei/pardalotumTaiwan
Collared Owlet (Sunda)Glaucidium brodiei sylvaticum/borneenseTaiwan
Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianumArizona-US, California-US
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Ferruginous)Glaucidium brasilianum [brasilianum Group]Arizona-US, California-US
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Tucuman)Glaucidium brasilianum tucumanumArizona-US, California-US
Elf OwlMicrathene whitneyiCalifornia-US
Little OwlAthene noctua
South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Switzerland
Little Owl (Little)Athene noctua [noctua Group]South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Switzerland
Little Owl (Abyssinian)Athene noctua spilogastra/somaliensisSouth Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Switzerland
Little Owl (Lilith)Athene noctua lilithSouth Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Switzerland
Little Owl (Hutton's)Athene noctua bactrianaSouth Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Switzerland
Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
Alberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (Western)Athene cunicularia hypugaea/rostrataAlberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (Florida)Athene cunicularia floridanaAlberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (guadeloupensis Group)Athene cunicularia [guadeloupensis Group]Alberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (Andean)Athene cunicularia [tolimae Group]Alberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (Littoral)Athene cunicularia nanodes/juninensisAlberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (grallaria)Athene cunicularia grallariaAlberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Burrowing Owl (Southern)Athene cunicularia [cunicularia Group]Alberta-CA, British Columbia-CA, Manitoba-CA, Saskatchewan-CA
Spotted Wood-OwlStrix seloputo
Indonesia
Brown Wood-OwlStrix leptogrammicaTaiwan
Brown Wood-Owl (Brown)Strix leptogrammica [indranee Group]Taiwan
Brown Wood-Owl (Bornean)Strix leptogrammica [leptogrammica Group]Taiwan
Himalayan OwlStrix nivicolum
South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), Taiwan
Ural OwlStrix uralensis
Italy, South Korea (Feb 01-Sep 30), global
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Taiwan (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31), United Kingdom, British Columbia-CA (Jan 01-Apr 30 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Mar 01-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US (Nov 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Apr 15)
Long-eared Owl (American)Asio otus wilsonianus/tuftsiTaiwan (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31), United Kingdom, British Columbia-CA (Jan 01-Apr 30 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Mar 01-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US (Jan 01-Apr 15 & Nov 01-Dec 31)
Long-eared Owl (Eurasian)Asio otus otus/canariensisTaiwan (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31), United Kingdom, British Columbia-CA (Jan 01-Apr 30 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Mar 01-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US (Nov 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Apr 15)
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Taiwan (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Short-eared Owl (Northern)Asio flammeus flammeusTaiwan (Jan 01-Mar 31 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Short-eared Owl (Pohnpei)Asio flammeus ponapensisTaiwan (Jan 01-Mar 31 & Oct 01-Dec 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Short-eared Owl (Hawaiian)Asio flammeus sandwichensisTaiwan (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Short-eared Owl (Antillean)Asio flammeus domingensis/portoricensisTaiwan (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Short-eared Owl (Galapagos)Asio flammeus galapagoensisTaiwan (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Short-eared Owl (South American)Asio flammeus [suinda Group]Taiwan (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31), Maryland-US (May 01-Sep 30), New York-US (Apr 15-Jul 15)
Long-eared/Short-eared OwlAsio otus/flammeusTaiwan (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Mar 31), Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30)
Asio sp.Asio sp.
Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30)
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus
Switzerland, Wisconsin-US
Boreal Owl (Tengmalm's)Aegolius funereus [funereus Group]Switzerland, Wisconsin-US
Boreal Owl (Richardson's)Aegolius funereus richardsoniSwitzerland, Wisconsin-US
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus
Maryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30)
Northern Saw-whet Owl (acadicus)Aegolius acadicus acadicusMaryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30)
Northern Saw-whet Owl (Haida Gwaii)Aegolius acadicus brooksiMaryland-US (Apr 01-Sep 30)
Great HornbillBuceros bicornis
Goa-IN, Karnataka-IN, Kerala-IN, Maharashtra-IN, Tamil Nadu-IN
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotosSwitzerland
White-backed Woodpecker (Lilford's)Dendrocopos leucotos lilfordiSwitzerland
White-backed Woodpecker (White-backed)Dendrocopos leucotos [leucotos Group]Switzerland
White-backed Woodpecker (Amami)Dendrocopos leucotos owstoniSwitzerland
Sooty FalconFalco concolor
Israel, Palestinian Territory
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Croatia, Egypt, France, Georgia, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kosovo, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, North Macedonia, Oman, Palestinian Territory, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Western Sahara, Yemen
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (North American)Falco peregrinus anatumIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (Tundra)Falco peregrinus calidus/tundriusIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (Peale's)Falco peregrinus pealeiIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (South American)Falco peregrinus cassiniIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (Eurasian)Falco peregrinus [peregrinus Group]Isle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (Mediterranean)Falco peregrinus brookeiIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (Barbary)Falco peregrinus pelegrinoidesIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (Cape Verde)Falco peregrinus madensIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (Red-capped)Falco peregrinus babylonicusIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (African)Falco peregrinus minorIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (Malagasy)Falco peregrinus radamaIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (Shaheen)Falco peregrinus peregrinatorIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (Indo-Pacific)Falco peregrinus ernesti/nesiotesIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (Australian)Falco peregrinus macropusIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Peregrine Falcon (Buff-fronted)Falco peregrinus submelanogenysIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31), United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Palm CockatooProbosciger aterrimusIndonesia
Tanimbar CorellaCacatua goffiniana
Indonesia
Philippine CockatooCacatua haematuropygia[CR]Philippines
Yellow-crested CockatooCacatua sulphurea[CR]Indonesia, Singapore, Timor-Leste
Sulphur-crested CockatooCacatua galerita
Indonesia
Salmon-crested CockatooCacatua moluccensisIndonesia
White CockatooCacatua alba[EN]Indonesia
Pesquet's ParrotPsittrichas fulgidus
Indonesia
Moluccan King-ParrotAlisterus amboinensisIndonesia
Buru Racquet-tailPrioniturus mada
Indonesia
Golden-mantled Racquet-tailPrioniturus platurusIndonesia
Blue-winged Racquet-tailPrioniturus verticalis[CR]Philippines
Yellow-breasted Racquet-tailPrioniturus flavicansIndonesia
Green Racquet-tailPrioniturus luconensis[EN]Philippines
Alexandrine ParakeetPsittacula eupatria
Vietnam
Gray-headed ParakeetPsittacula finschii
Vietnam
Blossom-headed ParakeetPsittacula roseata
Vietnam
Red-breasted ParakeetPsittacula alexandriVietnam
Black-lored ParrotTanygnathus gramineusIndonesia
Blue-naped ParrotTanygnathus lucionensisIndonesia, Philippines
Night ParrotPezoporus occidentalis[EN]Australia
Orange-bellied ParrotNeophema chrysogaster[CR]Australia
Ouvea ParakeetEunymphicus uvaeensisNew Caledonia
Double-eyed Fig-Parrot (Coxen's)Cyclopsitta diophthalma coxeni[EN]Australia
Blue-fronted LorikeetCharmosyna toxopei[CR]Indonesia
Chattering LoryLorius garrulus
Indonesia
Purple-naped LoryLorius domicella[EN]Indonesia
Black-capped LoryLorius lory
Indonesia
Red-and-blue LoryEos histrio[EN]Indonesia
Violet-necked LoryEos squamata
Indonesia
Red LoryEos bornea
Indonesia
Blue-streaked LoryEos reticulata
Indonesia
Blue-eared LoryEos semilarvata
Indonesia
Sunset LorikeetTrichoglossus forsteni[EN]Indonesia, Timor-Leste
Leaf LorikeetTrichoglossus weberiIndonesia, Timor-Leste
Marigold LorikeetTrichoglossus capistratusIndonesia, Timor-Leste
Coconut LorikeetTrichoglossus haematodusIndonesia, Timor-Leste
Coconut Lorikeet (Biak)Trichoglossus haematodus rosenbergiiIndonesia, Timor-Leste
Coconut Lorikeet (Coconut)Trichoglossus haematodus [haematodus Group]Indonesia, Timor-Leste
Red-collared LorikeetTrichoglossus rubritorquisIndonesia, Timor-Leste
Rainbow LorikeetTrichoglossus moluccanusIndonesia, Timor-Leste
rainbow lorikeet sp.Trichoglossus sp. (rainbow lorikeet complex)Indonesia, Timor-Leste
Mindanao LorikeetTrichoglossus johnstoniaePhilippines
Camiguin Hanging-ParrotLoriculus camiguinensisPhilippines
Yellow-throated Hanging-ParrotLoriculus pusillus
Indonesia
Wallace's Hanging-ParrotLoriculus flosculus
Indonesia
Vinaceous-breasted ParrotAmazona vinacea[EN]Argentina
Red-crowned ParrotAmazona viridigenalis[EN]Mexico
Lilac-crowned ParrotAmazona finschi[EN]Mexico
Yellow-naped ParrotAmazona auropalliata[EN]Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Chiapas-MX, Oaxaca-MX
Yellow-headed ParrotAmazona oratrix[EN]Belize, Izabal-GT, Atlántida-HN, Cortés-HN, Campeche-MX, Chiapas-MX, Colima-MX, Guerrero-MX, Hidalgo-MX, Jalisco-MX, Michoacán-MX, Nayarit-MX, Nuevo León-MX, Oaxaca-MX, Puebla-MX, San Luis Potosí-MX, Tabasco-MX, Tamaulipas-MX, Veracruz-MX
Yellow-headed Parrot (Tres Marias Is.)Amazona oratrix tresmariaeBelize, Izabal-GT, Atlántida-HN, Cortés-HN, Campeche-MX, Chiapas-MX, Colima-MX, Guerrero-MX, Hidalgo-MX, Jalisco-MX, Michoacán-MX, Nayarit-MX, Nuevo León-MX, Oaxaca-MX, Puebla-MX, San Luis Potosí-MX, Tabasco-MX, Tamaulipas-MX, Veracruz-MX
Yellow-headed Parrot (Mainland)Amazona oratrix [oratrix Group]Belize, Izabal-GT, Atlántida-HN, Cortés-HN, Campeche-MX, Chiapas-MX, Colima-MX, Guerrero-MX, Hidalgo-MX, Jalisco-MX, Michoacán-MX, Nayarit-MX, Nuevo León-MX, Oaxaca-MX, Puebla-MX, San Luis Potosí-MX, Tabasco-MX, Tamaulipas-MX, Veracruz-MX
Yellow-lored ParrotAmazona xantholoraHonduras, Mexico
Puerto Rican ParrotAmazona vittata[CR]Puerto Rico
Mexican ParrotletForpus cyanopygius
Mexico
Thick-billed ParrotRhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha[EN]Mexico
Spix's MacawCyanopsitta spixii[EW]Brazil
Blue-throated MacawAra glaucogularis[CR]Bolivia
Military MacawAra militaris
Mexico
Scarlet MacawAra macao
Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Alta Verapaz-GT, Petén-GT, Chiapas-MX, Veracruz-MX
Red-fronted MacawAra rubrogenys[CR]Bolivia
Pacific ParakeetPsittacara strenuus
Mexico
Fairy PittaPitta nympha
China, Taiwan (Apr 01-Aug 31)
Raja Ampat PitohuiPitohui cerviniventrisIndonesia
Northern Variable PitohuiPitohui kirhocephalusIndonesia
Southern Variable PitohuiPitohui uropygialis
Indonesia
Hooded ButcherbirdCracticus cassicus
Indonesia
Spangled DrongoDicrurus bracteatus
Indonesia
Black SicklebillEpimachus fastosusIndonesia
Crested ShrikejayPlatylophus galericulatusIndonesia
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach
Indonesia
Long-tailed Shrike (erythronotus/caniceps)Lanius schach erythronotus/canicepsIndonesia
Long-tailed Shrike (schach)Lanius schach schachIndonesia
Long-tailed Shrike (tricolor/longicaudatus)Lanius schach tricolor/longicaudatusIndonesia
Long-tailed Shrike (bentet)Lanius schach bentetIndonesia
Long-tailed Shrike (nasutus Group)Lanius schach [nasutus Group]Indonesia
Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianus
New York-US (Apr 15-Aug 01), Wisconsin-US (May 15-Aug 15)
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Spain
Red-billed Blue-MagpieUrocissa erythrorynchaChina, Myanmar, Vietnam
Common Green-MagpieCissa chinensis
China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam
Indochinese Green-MagpieCissa hypoleuca
Vietnam
Racket-tailed TreepieCrypsirina temia
Indonesia
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocoraxIsle of Man (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Red-billed Chough (Red-billed)Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax [pyrrhocorax Group]Isle of Man
Red-billed Chough (Ethiopian)Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax baileyiIsle of Man
Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Israel, Palestinian Territory
Greater Hoopoe-Lark (Cape Verde)Alaemon alaudipes boavistaeIsrael, Palestinian Territory
Greater Hoopoe-Lark (Mainland)Alaemon alaudipes [alaudipes Group]Israel, Palestinian Territory
Australasian BushlarkMirafra javanica
Indonesia, Vietnam
Mongolian LarkMelanocorypha mongolicaChina
Oriental SkylarkAlauda gulgula
Vietnam
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustrisEngland-GB (May 25-Aug 20)
Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosus
Thailand, Vietnam
Sooty-headed BulbulPycnonotus aurigasterIndonesia
Ochraceous BulbulAlophoixus ochraceusIndonesia
Ochraceous Bulbul (Ochraceous)Alophoixus ochraceus [ochraceus Group]Indonesia
Ochraceous Bulbul (Chestnut-vented)Alophoixus ochraceus ruficrissus/fowleriIndonesia
Arabian WarblerSylvia leucomelaenaIsrael, Palestinian Territory
Dartford WarblerSylvia undata
United Kingdom
Chestnut-flanked White-eyeZosterops erythropleurusVietnam
Hume's White-eyeZosterops auriventerIndonesia
Sangkar White-eyeZosterops melanurusIndonesia
Warbling White-eyeZosterops japonicusIndonesia
Swinhoe's White-eyeZosterops simplex
Indonesia
Black-capped White-eyeZosterops atricapillaIndonesia
Large Wren-BabblerTurdinus macrodactylusIndonesia
White-crested LaughingthrushGarrulax leucolophusVietnam
Black LaughingthrushGarrulax lugubris
Indonesia
Black-hooded LaughingthrushGarrulax milleti
Vietnam
Gray LaughingthrushGarrulax maesi
Vietnam
Rufous-cheeked LaughingthrushGarrulax castanotis
Vietnam
Spot-breasted LaughingthrushGarrulax merulinus
China, Myanmar, Thailand
Orange-breasted LaughingthrushGarrulax annamensisVietnam
Chinese HwameiGarrulax canorus
China, Laos, Vietnam
Moustached LaughingthrushIanthocincla cineraceaChina
Moustached Laughingthrush (Western)Ianthocincla cineracea cineracea/strenuaChina
Moustached Laughingthrush (Eastern)Ianthocincla cineracea cinereicepsChina
Black-throated LaughingthrushIanthocincla chinensisCambodia, China, Hong Kong, Laos, Macau, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Black-throated Laughingthrush (Black-throated)Ianthocincla chinensis [chinensis Group]Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, Laos, Macau, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Black-throated Laughingthrush (Hainan)Ianthocincla chinensis monachusCambodia, China, Hong Kong, Laos, Macau, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Chestnut-capped LaughingthrushIanthocincla mitrataIndonesia
Chestnut-hooded LaughingthrushIanthocincla treacheriIndonesia
Red-tailed LaughingthrushTrochalopteron milneiVietnam
Black-headed SibiaHeterophasia desgodinsiVietnam
Black-headed Sibia (Black-headed)Heterophasia desgodinsi desgodinsi/tonkinensisVietnam
Black-headed Sibia (engelbachi/kingi)Heterophasia desgodinsi engelbachi/kingiVietnam
Black-headed Sibia (Lang Bian)Heterophasia desgodinsi robinsoniVietnam
Silver-eared MesiaLeiothrix argentaurisChina, Indonesia, Vietnam
Silver-eared Mesia (Silver-eared)Leiothrix argentauris [argentauris Group]China, Indonesia, Vietnam
Rufous-backed SibiaMinla annectens
Vietnam
Black-crowned BarwingActinodura sodangorumVietnam
Asian Glossy StarlingAplonis panayensis
Indonesia
Common Hill MynaGracula religiosa
Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam
Asian Pied StarlingGracupica contra
Indonesia
Asian Pied Starling (Asian)Gracupica contra [contra Group]Indonesia
Javan MynaAcridotheres javanicusIndonesia
Slate-colored SolitaireMyadestes unicolor
Mexico
Sunda ThrushZoothera andromedaeIndonesia
Rusty-backed ThrushGeokichla erythronotaIndonesia
Orange-headed ThrushGeokichla citrina
Indonesia, Vietnam
Orange-headed Thrush (Orange-headed)Geokichla citrina [citrina Group]Indonesia, Vietnam
Orange-headed Thrush (White-throated)Geokichla citrina cyanotaIndonesia, Vietnam
Orange-headed Thrush (Plain-winged)Geokichla citrina albogularis/andamanensisIndonesia, Vietnam
Orange-headed Thrush (Buff-throated)Geokichla citrina [aurimacula Group]Indonesia, Vietnam
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Scotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Scotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
Oriental Magpie-RobinCopsychus saularis
Indonesia, Malaysia
Oriental Magpie-Robin (Oriental)Copsychus saularis [saularis Group]Indonesia, Malaysia
Oriental Magpie-Robin (Black)Copsychus saularis [amoenus Group]Indonesia, Malaysia
Rufous-tailed ShamaCopsychus pyrropygusIndonesia
White-rumped ShamaCopsychus malabaricusIndonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam
White-rumped Shama (White-rumped)Copsychus malabaricus [malabaricus Group]Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam
White-rumped Shama (Barusan)Copsychus malabaricus [melanurus Group]Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam
White-rumped Shama (White-crowned)Copsychus malabaricus stricklandii/barbouriIndonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam
Hill Blue FlycatcherCyornis banyumas
Indonesia
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Switzerland
Van Hasselt's SunbirdLeptocoma brasilianaIndonesia
Asian Fairy-bluebirdIrena puella
Indonesia
Asian Fairy-bluebird (Asian)Irena puella [puella Group]Indonesia
Asian Fairy-bluebird (Palawan)Irena puella tweeddaliiIndonesia
Lesser Green LeafbirdChloropsis cyanopogonIndonesia
Blue-winged LeafbirdChloropsis cochinchinensisIndonesia, Malaysia
Blue-winged Leafbird (Blue-winged)Chloropsis cochinchinensis [moluccensis Group]Indonesia, Malaysia
Blue-winged Leafbird (Javan)Chloropsis cochinchinensis cochinchinensis[EN]Indonesia, Malaysia
Bornean LeafbirdChloropsis kinabaluensisIndonesia
Golden-fronted LeafbirdChloropsis aurifronsVietnam
Orange-bellied LeafbirdChloropsis hardwickiiMalaysia, Vietnam
Orange-bellied Leafbird (Orange-bellied)Chloropsis hardwickii hardwickii/malayanaMalaysia, Vietnam
Orange-bellied Leafbird (Grayish-crowned)Chloropsis hardwickii lazulina/mellianaMalaysia, Vietnam
Asian Golden WeaverPloceus hypoxanthusCambodia, Indonesia, Vietnam
Zebra FinchTaeniopygia guttataIndonesia, Timor-Leste
Zebra Finch (Australian)Taeniopygia guttata castanotisIndonesia, Timor-Leste
Pin-tailed ParrotfinchErythrura prasina
Indonesia
White-capped MuniaLonchura ferruginosaJawa-ID, Nusa Tenggara-ID
Java SparrowLonchura oryzivora[EN]Indonesia
BramblingFringilla montifringillaScotland-GB (May 01-Jul 31)
Yellow-bellied SiskinSpinus xanthogastrusVenezuela
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
United Kingdom (Apr 01-Jul 31)
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureola[CR]China, India
Henslow's SparrowCentronyx henslowiiOntario-CA (May 15-Aug 15)
Pampas MeadowlarkLeistes defilippii
Uruguay
Saffron-cowled BlackbirdXanthopsar flavus[EN]Argentina, Uruguay
Swainson's WarblerLimnothlypis swainsoniiMaryland-US (Apr 10-Aug 20)
Kirtland's WarblerSetophaga kirtlandiiOntario-CA (May 20-Aug 15), Wisconsin-US
Rose-bellied BuntingPasserina rositae
Mexico
Painted BuntingPasserina ciris
Florida-US (Oct 01-Dec 31 & Jan 01-Apr 15)
Marsh SeedeaterSporophila palustris[EN]Uruguay
Chestnut SeedeaterSporophila cinnamomeaUruguay